Tartar is a brown or yellow deposit that forms on the teeth. It is caused by plaque build-up, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth. Plaque is always forming on the teeth; if it is not removed, it can harden into tartar.
Tartar build-up can cause several problems, including gum disease. Gum disease is an infection of the gums that can damage the bone around your teeth. When tartar forms on teeth, it provides a place for bacteria to thrive, which then causes gum disease. Gum disease can be mild, moderate, or severe.
How Does Plaque Contribute to Tartar Build-Up?
It’s no secret that plaque and tartar can cause some serious dental problems. But what exactly is the connection between these two things?
Plaque is full of bacteria that produce acids. These acids eat away at the enamel on your teeth, causing cavities. The bacteria in plaque can also cause inflammation in your gums, leading to gum disease.
As plaque and tartar build-up, they provide a perfect environment for the bacteria to thrive. The more plaque and tartar there is, the more damage they can do to your teeth and gums.
Why Can Only Dental Professionals Remove Tartar?
Tartar can only be removed by a dental professional. They will use special tools to scrape the tartar off of your teeth in a process called scaling, which can be done in a dentist’s office or at a dental hygienist.
Ultrasonic devices are also used. These devices can remove tartar by using sound waves to break them up.
In cases when these tools can’t remove tartar, the dental cleaning professional may need to drill the tartar off of the teeth. It’s done under local anesthesia, so the patient does not feel any pain.
After removing the tartar, the teeth are cleaned with a toothbrush and toothpaste. Brushing will remove any remaining tartar and bacteria—the teeth are flossed to remove any food debris.
How Can Tartar Build-Up Be Prevented?
It’s no secret that tartar build-up can lead to some serious dental problems. Not only is it unsightly, but it can also contribute to gum disease, tooth decay, and even bad breath.
The good news is that there are some simple things you can do to help prevent tartar buildup. Here are a few tips:
- Brush your teeth regularly. This is the most important thing you can do to prevent tartar buildup. Be sure to brush at least twice daily, and use a toothbrush with soft bristles.
- Floss your teeth daily. Flossing helps remove plaque and food particles from between your teeth, which can help prevent tartar buildup.
- Use mouthwash. Mouthwashes that contain fluoride can help prevent tartar buildup.
- Visit your dentist regularly. Getting regular dental cleaning is one of the best ways to prevent tartar buildup.
Only dental professionals can remove tartar because they have the necessary tools and training to do so. Tartar is a hard, calcified substance that can build up on teeth over time. If not removed, it can lead to tooth decay and gum disease. While some at-home remedies can help remove tartar, they are not as effective as professional dental cleaning.
Are you looking for dentists in Northampton? Northampton Dental Specialists Group, previously known as Clayton and Canby Dental, offers professional dental services. Book an appointment with us today, and let us provide you with a high-quality, comfortable experience.